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Developmental Delays

Developmentally delayed children will likely have delays in integrating their sensory skills. It is not always obvious when a young child has a vision impairment as they learn early on to adapt to their environment.

Most children do not realize their eyesight is any different from any other child’s because they don’t know any different. A child may think that his or her vision is supposed to be blurry, double, or in and out of focus if that’s all he or she has been accustomed to. Or, children – especially those that are not yet completely verbal – may not be able to express their concerns. Without a specialized eye exam looking for visual efficiency skills, it is possible that a child’s vision problems may go undiagnosed. 

Some physical signs of visual impairment include:

  • Complaints of frequent headaches

  • Covering an eye while reading

  • Disorganized writing display

  • Holding reading materials or picture books very close

  • Moving his or her head – versus the eyes – back and forth to read

  • Poor hand-eye coordination

  • Squinting while focusing on objects

  • Turning his or her head to use one eye

  • Using a finger to keep his or her place

  • Underdeveloped speech and vocabulary

  • Written words placed outside of writing lines

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